Academia health research

13 Tips for Health Researchers

I’ve just been contacted by an old friend, asking if I could give her my top ten tips for research.

After compiling a list to test myself before seeing what was already out there on the internet, I was surprised to find a (quick) search didn’t turn up what I expcected! So, here are 13 tips for the research process:

1. Choose a topic that fascinates you!

2. If you have no external deadline – choose one to work towards.

3. Make sure you know how to use libraries, journals and databases properly. Seek advice and tutorials from librarians, and librarians who specialize in your field. Learn how to conduct a systematic search and identify everything you need to. Equally, keep a good record of your searches.

4. Be certain that you know exactly what the question you’re asking is. Practice explaining it to others. Make the research question as specific as possible.

5. Ensure your language is carefully considered, explained where necessary,  and kept consistent throughout.

6. Invite and use perspectives of people who have personal experience of whatever it is you’re studying. Check your area and national data bases for patient groups relevant to your research. Investigate good practice around service user involvement, and meaningfully include people from the outset.

7. Make sure your outcomes tools are measuring what you think they are measuring and in a way that suits your research question. Also, a few well-selected measures are better than throwing everything you can think at the question.

8. Don’t overlook a good recruitment strategy. Start thinking about recruitment and making connections as early as you can.

9. Consider ethical implications carefully. Do not start any aspect of the research until you have full ethical approval.

10. If you can access them, work with your local Research Design Serice (RDS).

11. If possible, request a methodological expert opinion on your method – which should be specific. Don’t neglect to consider the underlying assumptions and epistemologies, particularly for qualitative research. For example, qualitative research may take the form of ethnography, phenomenological, or thematic. You need to state what type of qualitative enquiry you are performing and conduct the study using that method and according to established guidelines.

12. Don’t rely on statistics too much or over-report their significance, unless you have figured out you have the power i.e. enough people taking part to do so.

13. Pay close attention to what your study adds to the existing literature and articulate it clearly, remembering to suggest policy implications or clinical recommendations.

I would, or should, add: don’t multi-task. However I am terrible for having multiple tasks and windows open simultaneously so this just wouldn’t be true to form.

Lastly: enjoy yourself! Take breaks and keep active… this’ll be when your best ideas magically spring to mind…

 

I am a senior clinical psychologist in NHS Children’s services (CAMHS), and was, during the Fellowship, a Research Associate at Arts for Health at Manchester Metropolitan University. I have worked in several university psychology research departments including the Spectrum Centre for Mental Health Research at Lancaster University, notable for its service user involvement, and on the Dementia & Imagination research programme. My research has explored links between arts, health and well-being and I have shared this work in a variety of forums and to diverse audiences.

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